Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences in Nitra Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences 1338-5178 vol. 6 2017 2017-02-01 2017-02-01 PYRENE BIODEGRADATION POTENTIALS OF AN ACTINOMYCETE, MICROBACTERIUM ESTERAROMATICUM ISOLATED FROM TROPICAL HYDROCARBON-CONTAMINATED SOIL 995 1000 EN Lateef Salam Lateef Salam Oluwafemi Obayori Oluwafemi Obayori Cynthia Campbell Cynthia Campbell Mathew Ilori Mathew Ilori Olukayode Amund Olukayode Amund A novel pyrene-degrading actinomycete, phylogenetically identified as Microbacterium esteraromaticum strain SL9 was isolated from a polluted hydrocarbon-contaminated soil in Lagos, Nigeria. Growth of the isolate on pyrene was assayed using total viable counts, pyrene degradation was monitored using gas chromatography (GC-FID) while UV-Vis spectrophotometry was used to detect metabolites of pyrene degradation. The isolate tolerated salt concentration of up to 6%, grew luxuriantly on crude oil and exhibited weak utilization of fluorene, acenaphthene and engine oil. It resisted cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin and amoxicilin, but was susceptible to meropenem, linezolid and vancomycin. It also resisted elevated concentrations of heavy metals such as 1-5 mM lead and nickel. On pyrene, the isolate exhibited growth rate and doubling time of 0.023 h-1 and 1.25 h, respectively. It degraded 55.16 (27.58 mg L-1) and 89.28% (44.64 mg L-1) of pyrene (50 mg L-1) within 12 and 21 days respectively, while the rate of pyrene utilization was 0.09 mg L-1h-1. Catechol dioxygenase assay using UV-Vis spectrophotometry revealed the detection of meta cleavage compound, 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde in the crude cell lysate. The results of this study showed the catabolic versatility of Microbacterium species on hydrocarbon substrates and their potential as seeds for bioremediation of environments co-contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals.
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