Special issue 1 – part B 2013, vol. 2, special issue 1 part B
Martina Vršková, Emília Bencová, Vladimír Foltys, Michaela Havrlentová, Iveta Čičová
Food Sciences of Food Sciences
The aim of this paper was to determine the protein quality of naked oat (Avena nuda L.) and buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) by traditional biological methods [Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER), Net Protein Utilization (NPU), Biological value] and the protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS). As an animal model we used growing rats at the age of 21 days and at average body weight 83 g. The tested feeds represented the only nitrogen source in the experimental diets, and the tested nitrogen substances were 10 % of the feed ration in dry matter. We found higher values achieved in growth, feed conversion and crude protein intake in the group fed buckwheat. Buckwheat achieved higher biological value. Oat achieved a higher digestibility, which was also influenced by higher PDCAAS. Buckwheat achieved higher biological protein value. Isoleucine was the limiting amino acid in both tested feeds. Other parameters of the evaluation of protein quality (PER, NPU) had minimal differences.
rat, oat, buckwheat, biological methods, PDCAAS