Special issue 1 – part A 2013, vol. 2, special issue 1 part A
Richard Alexa, Attila Kádasi, Aneta Štochmaľová, Adriana Kolesárová,
Alexander V. Sirotkin
Biotechnology of Biotechnology
Cyclic nucleotide cAMP and its target protein kinase A (PKA) dependent intracellular mechanisms can play an important role in regulation of ovarian cell function and in mediating gonadotropin action on these cells. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of cAMP analogue, dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (dbcAMP) (0; 0.1; 1 and 10 µg/ml) or FSH (0; 0,01; 1 IU/ml) on proliferation and apoptosis of porcine granulosa cells in vitro. Indices of cell apoptosis (expression of apoptotic peptide bax) and proliferation (expression of proliferation-associated peptide PCNA) within ovarian granulosa cells were analysed by immunocytochemistry. It was observed that accumulation of PCNA was increased by dbcAMP and FSH at all doses added. The occurrence of bax was also stimulated by dbcAMP after exposition (at 0,1 and 1 µg/ml, but not at dose 10 µg/ml) and by FSH (at all doses added). The stimulatory effect of both dbcAMP and FSH on both ovarian cell apoptosis and proliferation suggest, that these substances may promote ovarian follicular cell turnover. The similarity of dbcAMP and FSH effect may indicate that FSH can affect ovarian functions via cAMP-dependent intracellular mechanisms. The present data may provide new tools to regulate human and animal reproductive processes via cAMP-dependent mechanisms.