PENICILLIUM STRAINS ISOLATED FROM GRAPES GROWN IN THE CENTRAL SLOVAK WINE REGION

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February 2014, vol. 3, special issue 1 (Microbiology)
pages: 210-214
Article type: Microbiology of Microbiology
Abstract: A total of 10 wine producing grapes were collected from the Central Slovak region in 2011 and 2012, which involved 7 vineyards. Mycological analysis was carried out for the detection of fungi using standard media with focus on genera Penicillium. The exogenous mycobiota was determined by the method of direct placing of berry samples on agar plates and the endogenous mycobiota by the same method but the berry samples were first superficially sterilized. The resulting Penicillia were identified morphologically. The potentially toxigenic isolates were analysed for mycotoxin production by TLC method. In general representatives of Penicillium genus were isolated with higher frequency from the surface of the berries than from their interior. In regard to species Penicillium chrysogenum seems to be the most wide-spread in wine grape berries from the Central Slovak wine growing area because was detected more frequently than other species. In total, 546 fungal isolates belonging to 12 Penicillium species. Overall, two species were dominant: P. chrysogenum and P. expansum. Four potentially toxigenic species isolated from endogenous mycobiota were tested for their toxigenic ability. Out of 10 strains, all of them produced at least one mycotoxin. Of all 16 potentially toxigenic strains from exogenous mycobiota, 88% produced at least one mycotoxin. Therefore study concluded, that wine producing grapes seems to be risk products.
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