STUDY OF GENETIC VARIABILITY OF TRITICALE VARIETIES BY SSR MARKERS

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April – May, 2013, vol. 2, no. 5
pages: 2366-2368
Article type: Biotechnology of Biotechnology
Abstract: For the detection of genetic variability ten genotypes of winter triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack, 2n = 6x = 42; BBAARR) were selected: nine varieties and one breeding line with good bread-making quality KM 4-09 with the chromosome translocation 1R.1D 5+10-2. 25 microsatellites markers located in the genome A, B, D and R were chosen for analysis. Eighty-four alleles were detected with an average of 3.36 alleles per locus were detected. For each microsatellite statistical values were calculated diversity index (DI), probabilities of identity (PI) and polymorphic information content (PIC) were calculated and averages statistical values are: DI 0.55, PI 0.27 and 0.5 PIC. Overall dendrogram based on the UPGMA method (Jaccards similarity coefficient) significantly distinguished two groups of genotypes and these groups were divided into sub-clusters. A set of 5 SSR markers (Xwms0752, Xbarc128, Xrems1237, Xwms0861 and Xbrac170) which have the calculated PIC value higher than 0.68 that are sufficient for the identification of the analyzed genotypes was described.
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