PRODUCTION OF PLANTARCIN BY LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARUM SR18

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June – July 2012, vol. 1, no. 6
pages: 1488-1504
Article type: Microbiology of Microbiology
Abstract: Out of 86 lactobacilli previously screened in our laboratory, Lactobacillus plantarum SR18 isolated from yoghurt revealed the largest detected inhibition zone against the selected indicator Streptococcus salivarius 5. The obtained electrophoretic patterns revealed that L. plantarum SR18 was free from plasmids. Exposure of 6 h growing L. plantarum culture to T-8M, 3B ultraviolet B lamp (8w, 220v & 312 nm) for 2 h and subsequent growth for further 24 h resulted in an increase of cell-bound bacteriocin titer reached 2 fold at 12 h. Whereas bacteriocin secreted in the culture filtrate was not affected by UV irradiation. Plantarcin SR18 production was maximal (12800 AU/ml) between 12 and 18 h by incubation of the culture at 37°C and pH 5-7 in candle jar (CO2). The bacteriocin bound to the cells and that secreted into the culture filtrate of L. plantarum SR18 were precipitated by 75% ammomium sulphate, dialysed and further purified by Gel filtration on Sephadex G-100. The specific activities (AU/mg protein) were increased by a factor of about 5.3 and 2.35 for plantarcins purified from proteins bound to the cell of L. plantarum SR18 (plantarcin SR18 a) and that secreted into the culture filtrate (plantarcin SR18 b), respectively. Gel filtration of plantarcin SR18a resulted in moderate antibacterial activity (3200 AU/ml) and very high activity (25600 AU/ml) of plantarcin SR18b.
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