Abstracts Special issue on Animal Physiology, 2013, vol. 2, Abstracts special issue
Jozef Bulla, Jaroslav Kováčik, Anton Kováčik, Anna Kalafová, Monika Schneidgenová, Ján Rafay, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Peter Chrenek
Biotechnology of Biotechnology
For the genetic improvement of milk composition and milk yield, both the typing of different protein variants and knowledge about the regulation of expression of the different milk protein genes are important. Some of the processing properties of milk are dependent on the milk composition. Information about the DNA sequence and genes involved in the expression of the milk protein genes,therefore,is big importance for genetic improvement of these traits in animals breeding programmes.In recent years more data has become available concerning the regulation of expression of the milk protein genes and as might have been expected from the complex multihormonal control of these genes it appears to be rather complex. Although several mammary gland specific factors that play a role in expression of some of these genes have been identified,none of these factors has been shown to be involved in the expression of all or the majority of the milk protein genes.